Mar 16, 2017 by

By David Ingold, Chloe Whiteaker, Michael Keller and Hannah Recht

U.S. President Donald Trump’s first budget proposal includes massive cuts across most of the federal government. The Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Agriculture face unprecedented discretionary funding cuts in excess of 25 percent, as Trump attempts to boost the military and national security.

Proposed changes to agency discretionary budgets in 2018*



No change


in dollars


2018 requested


budget total







Veterans Affairs





Corps of







Percent change


National Nuclear

Security Administration









State & other

int’l programs


Source: Office of Management and Budget
*Some percentages differ from administration figures because change is calculated against fiscal 2016 levels, the last year for which the government was fully funded. The current fiscal 2017 stopgap spending measure runs through April 28.

Trump’s budget also proposes eliminating discretionary funding altogether for at least 19 agencies and 61 other programs. Plans for new NASA missions, climate change research, aid for low-income families and funding for commercial flights to rural airports would all be on the chopping block. Trump says many of these programs are inefficient or duplicative. All this could change; Trump will deliver a final budget in May and Congress would have to approve the cuts—something they have often resisted in the past.

Funding eliminated for 19 independent agencies

African Development Foundation

◦ Provides grants to community groups and small businesses that help marginalized communities in Africa.

Appalachian Regional

◦ Funds programs to develop economic opportunities, infrastructure and the workforce in 13 Appalachian states, with much of its work focused on coal-dependent communities.

Chemical Safety Board

◦ Investigates chemical accidents and makes recommendations to industry and labor groups, OSHA and the EPA, to prevent future incidents.

Corporation for National
and Community Service

◦ Funds thousands of volunteer organizations across the country and runs AmeriCorps, Senior Corps and the Social Innovation Fund.

Corporation for
Public Broadcasting

◦ Funds more than 1,500 public TV and radio stations, including PBS, NPR and affiliated local stations.

Delta Regional Authority

◦ Funds economic development projects in the seven states in the Mississippi Delta region.

Denali Commission

◦ Provides utilities, infrastructure and economic support in Alaska.

Institute of Museum
and Library Services

◦ Supports libraries and museums through research, policy development and grant making.

Inter-American Foundation

◦ Provides grants to organizations working to improve economic conditions for poor communities in the Americas and the Caribbean.

U.S. Trade and
Development Agency

◦ Funds projects that link American exporters with buyers in developing countries.

Legal Services Corporation

◦ Funds organizations that provide legal aid to low-income Americans.

National Endowment for the Arts

◦ Funds grants for nonprofit organizations and writing fellowships.

National Endowment
for Humanities

◦ Supports research and initiatives to preserve cultural resources and promotes humanities education.

Reinvestment Corporation

◦ Assists organizations aimed at revitalizing rural, urban and suburban communities and securing access to affordable housing.

Northern Border
Regional Commission

◦ Promotes economic development in distressed counties near the Canadian border in Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont and New York.

Overseas Private
Investment Corporation

◦ Helps U.S. businesses invest in emerging markets by providing loans, political risk insurance and support for private equity funds.

United States Institute of Peace

◦ Works to address violent conflicts and encourage religious tolerance through research, training and partnerships with governmental agencies.

United States Interagency
Council on Homelessness

◦ Coordinates with federal agencies to prevent and end homelessness.

Woodrow Wilson International
Center for Scholars

◦ A non-partisan think tank based in Washington, D.C. that conducts and promotes research on national and world affairs.

And at least 61 other programs

Environmental Protection Agency

Clean Power Plan

◦ Creates national standards for carbon pollution from power plants and helps states develop and deploy clean energy alternatives.

International climate change programs

◦ Promotes clean and efficient energy technologies and the sharing of scientific climate research through multilateral initiatives and treaties.

Climate change research
and partnership programs

◦ Research and report on climate change’s impact on the U.S.

Great Lakes Restoration Initiative

◦ Government task force focused on pollution cleanup, invasive-species reduction and wildlife protection within the Great Lakes.

Chesapeake Bay Program

◦ Regional partnership that oversees the restoration of the Chesapeake Bay and its watershed.

Energy Star

◦ Certifies and recognizes buildings and consumer products that meet specific energy-efficiency criteria.

Targeted Air Shed grants

◦ Assists local and state air pollution control agencies in developing plans and implementing projects to reduce air pollution in highly polluted areas.

Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program

◦ Screens pesticides, chemicals and other contaminants for their potential effect on estrogen, androgen and thyroid hormone systems.

Infrastructure assistance
to Alaska Native villages

◦ Assists Alaska Native villages with infrastructure projects to address problems with water quality, sanitation and other environmental needs.

Infrastructure assistance
near the Mexican border

◦ Funds environmental infrastructure projects in border-area communities that will have a positive effect on health and the environment in the U.S.


Mission to land on Europa

◦ Develop a spacecraft able to orbit and land on Europa, a moon of Jupiter, in efforts to look for signs of life, study Europa’s habitability and assess suitability for future missions.

Asteroid Redirect Mission

◦ Would visit a large near-Earth asteroid, collect a boulder from its surface and redirect the asteroid into orbit around the moon.

PACE Earth Science Mission

◦ Would study global ocean color, monitor ocean health and provide data on climate factors including chlorophyll and aerosol particles.

OCO-3 Earth Science Mission

◦ Would measure atmospheric carbon dioxide levels on Earth via the International Space Station.

DSCOVR Earth-viewing instruments

◦ Monitors solar wind to provide alerts and forecasts of space weather conditions including geomagnetic storm impacts on Earth.

CLARREO Pathfinder

◦ Produces climate data to test climate models’ projections, aiming to make future projections more accurate.

Office of Education

◦ Supports education in public elementary and secondary schools and informal settings, coordinates and disseminates findings of NASA research projects.


Supporting Effective
Instruction State Grants

◦ Provides grants to non-profit organizations that recruit and provide professional enhancement for teachers and principals.

21st Century Community
Learning Centers

◦ Supports community learning centers that provide before-and after-school programs for children, particularly those in high-poverty areas.

Federal Supplemental
Educational Opportunity Grant

◦ Provides need-based grants of up to $4,000 to low-income undergraduates for postsecondary education.

Striving Readers

◦ Helps states fund literacy programs for children, birth through grade 12, including those with disabilities and limited English.

Teacher Quality Partnership

◦ Funds initiatives aimed at improving the quality of new teachers through better development and recruiting methods.

Impact Aid Support Payments
for Federal Property

◦ Provides funding to school districts that have a diminished tax base due to federal property ownership in the district.

State, Treasury, USAID

Global Climate Change Initiative

◦ Provides financial assistance for global climate change initiatives in developing countries.

U.N. Green Climate Fund

◦ Funds projects to help developing countries mitigate and tackle the effects of climate change.

U.N. Climate Investment Funds

◦ Pairs developing nations with multi-lateral development banks to create programs to reduce emissions and combat climate change.

Emergency Refugee and
Migration Assistance Account

◦ Funds U.S. government refugee assistance efforts during unanticipated and urgent humanitarian crises.

Complex Crises Fund

◦ Provides rapid response funding to USAID to prevent violent conflict and mass atrocities.

East-West Center

◦ Strengthens relations among the peoples and nations of Asia, the Pacific and the U.S. through education and research initiatives.


Advanced Research
Projects Agency-Energy

◦ Provides funding and support to short-term energy research projects aimed at improving the U.S. economy, environment and national security.

Title 17 Innovative Technology
Loan Guarantee Program

◦ Provides loans to support the use of new energy technology.

Advanced Technology Vehicle
Manufacturing Program

◦ Provides loans to automotive and component manufacturers for facilities and engineering that support advanced technology vehicles.

Weatherization Assistance Program

◦ Provides grants to local governments to improve weatherization and energy efficiency of homes of low-income residents.

State Energy Program

◦ Supports local State Energy Offices in advancing energy efficiency and infrastructure.

Housing and Urban Development

Community Development
Block Grant Program

◦ Funds programs that assist low-income people with housing issues, including the elimination of urban blight and other community programs.

HOME Investment
Partnerships Program

◦ Provides block grants to state and local governments to create affordable housing solutions for low-income households.

Choice Neighborhoods

◦ Funds programs to replace distressed public housing and promotes investment for neighborhood improvement.

Self-Help Homeownership
Opportunity Program

◦ Funds nonprofit organizations that build new housing for low-income families through sweat equity and volunteer labor.

Section 4 Capacity Building
for Community Development
and Affordable Housing

◦ Works with nonprofit groups to fund community development and affordable housing initiatives aimed at low-income families.


Economic Development Administration

◦ Provides grants and assistance to create new jobs, retain businesses and stimulate growth in economically distressed communities.

Minority Business Development Agency

◦ Promotes the growth of minority-owned businesses through advocacy, policy, research and access to capital and contracts.

Manufacturing Extension Partnership

◦ Regional centers that assist smaller, U.S. manufacturing companies with adopting new technologies.

NOAA Sea Grant programs

◦ Network of 33 university-based programs that support and sponsor marine research, outreach and education projects.


Water and Waste Disposal
Loan and Grant Program

◦ Provides funding for clean drinking water, sanitary sewage disposal and storm-water drainage programs in rural areas.

Rural Business and Cooperative
Service’s discretionary programs

◦ Provides financial assistance for economic development programs in rural communities, including renewable energy and biofuel initiatives.

McGovern-Dole International
Food for Education Program

◦ Supports education, child development and food security initiatives in low-income, food-deficit countries around the world.


Senior Community Service
Employment Program

◦ A community service and work-based job training program for older Americans, including training for low-income, unemployed seniors.

Bureau of International
Labor Affairs grant program

◦ Provides funding for research initiatives and projects in over 94 countries to combat child labor and forced labor.

Occupational Safety and Health
Administration training grants

◦ Provides grants for training and education programs for employers and workers on the prevention of safety and health hazards in the workplace.

Health and Human Services

Fogarty International Center

◦ Supports global health research initiatives, including infectious disease research in developing countries.

Low Income Home Energy
Assistance Program

◦ Provides assistance to low income families to help pay for their home’s energy bills and some energy-related maintenance.

Community Services Block Grant

◦ Funds projects aimed at reducing poverty in communities, including projects focused on education, nutrition, employment and housing.


Federal support for Amtrak’s
long distance train services

◦ Subsidizes the cost of traveling on Amtrak’s long-distance routes.

Essential Air Service

◦ Subsidizes airlines for regular flights to and from small and midsize regional airports.

TIGER discretionary grant program

◦ Provides transportation infrastructure grants to state, local and tribal governments.

Small Business Administration

PRIME technical assistance grants

◦ Provides training and technical assistance to organizations that help disadvantaged entrepreneurs.

Regional Innovation Clusters

◦ Supports public-private partnerships concentrated in regional groups to strengthen small businesses.

Growth Accelerators

◦ Funds startups that support underserved communities and areas with less access to venture capital.


Community Development
Financial Institutions Fund grants

◦ Provides grants and support to local community-based financial institutions.

Homeland Security

NFIP Flood Hazard Mapping’s
discretionary appropriation

◦ Provides states and local entities with data about flood risks in their area.


State Criminal Alien Assistance Program

◦ Gives funding to states and local governments for correctional officer salary costs associated with incarcerating undocumented criminal aliens.

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